The proposal for a private multiplier still has to clear hurdles

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By KSHSAA staff

Kansas is one step closer to adopting a multiplier formula for ranking private schools.

But the next two steps are still to be done.

In last week’s voting by member schools of the Kansas State High School Activities Association, a proposal to introduce a multiplier for private school enrollment for classification purposes was approved by a majority of both schools and classifications. The votes were taken via ballots filed with the KSHSAA and were due June 14.

In order for the proposal to pass, a majority of schools (at least 177 out of 353 member schools) had to vote in favor of the proposal. In addition, a majority of the classes (at least four out of six) had to vote in favor.

These numbers have been reached. Four of the six classes voted in favor of the proposal – 4A, 3A, 2A and 1A all voted in favor, 6A and 5A voted against – while 216 schools voted in favor and 139 voted against.

“The proposed grading system changes, with the approval of our member schools’ leadership, represent a significant next step forward,” said KSHSAA executive director Bill Faflick. “The vote shows that the established system is working as the details of the proposal were developed by the classification working group and then reviewed over the past year by stakeholders including students, trainers and administrators. Following this nationwide education effort, the proposal was refined and then endorsed by membership. While the proposal still has to be approved by the State Board of Education and then ultimately granted relief through an amendment to the Kansas Statute, we are now closer to adding a multiplier for private school enrollments into the annual school classification system.

How close that is remains to be seen.

The next step is sending the proposal to the Kansas State Board of Education, which must approve an amendment to the Kansas State Statute that currently requires that KSHSAA classifications be determined solely based on student attendance. KSA 2014 Supp. 72-114 reads as follows:

KSA 2014 SUPP. 72-7114. High School Activities Association; Board of Directors, Board of Directors, Appellate Body; articles and statutes; reports; classification system; directors and staff; Application of the Open Gatherings Act and the Open Records Act.
(a) Any association with a majority of the state’s high schools as members and the purpose of such association is to regulate, oversee, promote and develop activities statewide and in which a public high school of that state may participate, directly or indirectly, shall:
(1) On or before September 1 of each year, you shall submit a full report to the State Education Board on its activities for the preceding calendar year. The report must include full and detailed financial statements certified by an auditor.
(2) File with the State Board a copy of all reports and publications issued by such association from time to time.
(3) be governed by a board of directors, which exercises the legislative power of the association and determines the policy of the association.
(4) to submit to the State Board of Education for approval or rejection prior to acceptance any amendment, addition, amendment or modification to its charter or by-laws. If any statute, statute, or any supplement, addition or amendment thereto is rejected by the State Board of Education, it shall not be accepted.
(5) Establishment of a system for ranking member universities based on student attendance.
(6) Subject to the provisions of the Kansas Open Meetings Law.
(7) subject to the provisions of the Disclosure Act.

In the proposal to amend the Articles of Association, the wording “and other means” would be added to No. 5 to allow for the implementation of the following multiplier in Section 2. This section would then read Member Schools using the KSHSAA approved multiplier format.

Art. 5: Private schools are subject to an enrollment multiplier when determining classification numbers. Factors in determining the multiplier are school location, socioeconomic status, and championship factor. The following criteria are used to calculate the multiplier number:

Any private school that has won five or more state team championships in the last five school years receives a multiplier that is applied to their classification enrollment count. Thiselected private schools start with a multiplier of 1.0. The following factors are added to the multiplier for each private school selected.

championship factor – Cumulative state championships in the last 5 years (not activity specific, team activities only).?
10+ Championships: + 0.30
5-9 championships: + 0.15
A NOTICE: If a private school has won fewer than 5 championships in the last five years, the multiplier remains 1.0.

Geographic Population Factor – public school attendance area in which the private school is located.
Within a 5A/6A community: + 0.30
Within a 3A/4A community: + 0.15
Within a 1A/2A community: + 0?
A NOTICE: If a private school does not meet the mastery factor, the geographic population factor would not take effect.

Socioeconomic population factor
0-20% free/discounted students reported: + 0.15
>20% free/discounted students reported: + 0
A NOTICE: If a private school does not meet the championship factor, the socioeconomic population factor does not apply.

A NOTICE: The multiplier affects the classification of all school activities and is applied to both general and football classification Counting. Schools cannot advance more than one classification based on the multiplier. The multiplier enrollment count does not force a school to move from 8-person to 11-person soccer or from 6-person to 8-person soccer. The geographic location is determined by the physical address of the private school. If free/discounted data is not collected and/or reported, it is assumed to be null. There is no objection procedure to change a classification that has already been changed by the multiplier.

If the Kansas State Board of Education approves the multiplier, it then goes to the Kansas Legislature, which must approve the amendment to the current statute.

The private school multiplier has been a hot topic among KSHSAA member schools for some time and has gained momentum in recent years.

But even when the school vote was passed, many schools still spoke out against the multiplier.

Only two of the state’s 28 private schools voted for the multiplier — the Class 1A Junction City-St. Xavier and Wichita Classical – while four cast no votes, counted as no votes.

In Class 6A, only six schools voted for the multiplier – Blue Valley, Blue Valley North, Blue Valley Northwest, Blue Valley West, Hutchinson and Liberal. While 5A didn’t vote for it as a class, it was almost an even split with 17 votes for the multiplier. Eight schools in 5A did not cast votes and counted as no votes to swing the class.

A total of 82 schools did not cast a vote, resulting in no vote.

Class 4A had the biggest push towards the multiplier as 32 of the 36 schools voted in favour. Two of the no votes were the only two private schools in the classification, Bishop Miege and Topeka Hayden, and the other two were ballots with no votes cast.

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