Nitish Kumar: Socialist leader who can spoil the Modi Shah game in 2024

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Now Nitish Kumar is the greatest leader of the Kurmi-Koiri and other backward class communities. Continue reading

Patna: At a time when the duo of Narendra Modi and Amit Shah is dictating terms, Bihar Premier Nitish Kumar not only challenged but also sent a message to the BJP and RSS about his political daring, without bothering about CBI , ED and income tax to take care of (IT department.

Nitish Kumar, a Bihar socialist leader, was elected President Prime Minister for the eighth time.

political ideology

A product of the political school of Karpoori Thakur and Jayaprakash Narayan, Kumar was influenced by the socialist ideology of these two great leaders of Bihar.

He was influenced by Karpoori Thakur’s social justice and creation of Samata Mulak Samaj ideology and also participated in Sampoorna Kranti movement led by Jayaprakash Narayan (JP) in 1977.

Early Life and Education

Nitish Kumar was born on March 1, 1951 into a Kurmi family in the city of Bakhtiyarpur, Patna District. His father was an Ayurvedic doctor, Kaviraj Ram Lakhan Singh, and his mother was Parmeshwari Devi.

He earned a degree in Mechanical Engineering from Bihar College of Engineering (now National Institute of Technology NIT) Patna. During this period, he was influenced by the ideology of two-time former Prime Minister Karpoori Thakur (Karpoori Thakur’s first term was from December 22, 1970 to June 2, 1971 and his second term was from December 24, 1979).

Karpoori Thakur led the government of the Janata Party after merging with the Bhartiya Jan Sangh, which later became the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

The Janata party was influenced by the ideology of Jayaprakash Narayan (JP) and Ram Manohar Lohia. They largely believed in the social philosophies of Mahatma Gandhi and BR Ambedkar.

Karpoori Thakur had given 33% reservation to the backwards in Bihar during his second term on the recommendation of the Mungeri-Lal Commission. The Bhartiya Jan Sangh, considered an upper-caste party, was not happy with the decision. Leaders such as Kailash Pati Mishra, then finance minister in the Karpoori Thakur government, rebelled against him in April 1979 and he lost his majority in the Bihar Assembly.

At that time, Indira Gandhi was undoubtedly the strongest leader in the country. However, the Sampoorna Kranti movement of 1974 put the brakes on her political career.

Political career

The Allahabad Supreme Court found Indira Gandhi guilty of electoral fraud and on June 12, 1975 imposed a six-year ban from voting in elections. Indira Gandhi then declared a state of emergency over the country on June 25, 1975. Leaders like Jayaprakash Narayan, Karpoori Thakur, Ram Manohar Lohia and others have been imprisoned. At this time, Lalu Prasad YadavNitish Kumar, Ram Vilas Paswan and others joined the Janata Party and were also imprisoned.

Nitish Kumar was elected MLA in 1985 by the Harnaut Assembly constituency in Nalanda District.

In 1989 he ran in the Lok Sabha election in Barh constituency, Patna district and won the seat. He was in VP Singh’s government and served as Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Cooperatives.

VP Singh had implemented the Mandal Commission report in the country and the BJP, which had 88 MPs, had withdrawn its support from Singh. At that time Mandal Vs Kamandal policy was underway and BJP leader LK Advani launched his Rath Yatra for the demolition of Babri Masjid.

When the 10th Lok Sabha election was held in 1991, Nitish Kumar was re-elected on the list of Janata Dal of Barh constituency.

Lalu Prasad Yadav had become the social justice leader of Bihar with his strong voice base of Yadav and Muslim communities. He gave strength to the backward, extremely backward, marginalized communities of Bihar and became the strongest leader in Bihar. He first became Chief Minister with the Janata Dal in 1990.

Socialist leaders George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar then left the Janata Dal and spearheaded the founding of the Samata Party, whose ideology was secularism.

Nitish Kumar was re-elected to the Lok Sabha in 1996 with Barh’s Samata Party and George Fernandes won the seat from Nalanda.

Nitish Hobnobbing with BJP

He then entered the 13-day Atal Bihari Vajpayee government with the BJP. When asked why he was joining a party whose ideology was diametrically opposed to his socialist ideology, he told media representatives that political survival against Lalu Prasad was more important than socialist ideology. This is Nitish Kumar’s strength of survival and this is why he became Prime Minister of Bihar for the eighth time.

He was re-elected to the 12th Lok Sabha in 1998 and served as Union Minister for Railways with additional responsibility for the Department of Land Transport.

In 1999 he was re-elected to the Lok Sabha and became Union Minister for Railways, Land Transport and Agriculture in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government.

He first became Chief Minister of Bihar from March 3, 2000 to March 10, 2000.

He ran for the Lok Sabha elections in 2000 and again served as Union Minister for Railways and Agriculture in the Vajpayee government.

caste politics

By then, Nitish Kumar had become the greatest leader of the Kurmi-Koiri and other backward class communities. This was the stage when Lalu Prasad was charged with food fraud and a series of massacres during his wife Rabri Devi’s first term in office from 1996 to 2000.

Nitish Kumar received good support from the backward class alongside his traditional Kurmi-Koiri voice bank. He merged his Samata party with the Janata Dal-United (JD-U) in 2003. In the 2005 general election, the JD-U won 88 seats, becoming the largest single party in Bihar. He formed the government in Bihar with the help of the BJP.

model management

Nitish Kumar received the call from Bihar’s Sushasan Babu with a series of welfare programs such as; He gave women 50% reservation in Panchayati Raj election process. During his first term in office, he campaigned for social justice and managed to root out organized crime, such as kidnapping for ransom, in the state.

He won the support of the people of Bihar and the JD-U managed to win 118 seats in the 2010 general election.

According to senior leader Lalan Singh’s statement on Wednesday, Nitish Kumar could easily have formed the government in Bihar, but he took the BJP into government and respected the allies.

When the BJP nominated Narendra Modi as the NDA’s prime ministerial candidate in 2013, Nitish Kumar disagreed and resigned from the NDA.

During the 2014 Modi wave, the JD-U fared poorly in the Lok Sabha elections. Nitish Kumar took responsibility for it and resigned as Chief Minister. Jitan Ram Manjhi became the CM.

Nitish Kumar took over as Prime Minister again from Jitan Ram Manjhi in November 2014, forming an alliance with Lalu Prasad Yadav’s RJD. They made the Mahagath Bandhan and included the Congress Party as well. They won the 2015 general election by the formula of 100: 100 seats for the RJD and the JD-U and 43 seats for Congress.

Lalu Prasad announced in 2015 that Nitish Kumar will be the face of the Chief Minister of the Mahagathbandhan. When the election results came in, the RJD won 80 seats, the JD-U 73 and Congress 29. They managed to stop the BJP at 53 seats in Bihar despite a strong Modi wave.

Although the RJD had more seats than the JD-U, it made Nitish Kumar chief minister of Bihar.

Aside from Lalu Prasad, the other RJD leaders thought that the post of Chief Minister should come to the RJD and they started targeting Nitish Kumar. A battle of words began between RJD and JD-U. Seeking an opportunity, Nitish Kumar, who has one of the sharpest political brains, chose the corruption allegations against Tejashwi Yadav in the IRCTC scam as the ideal excuse for him to get out of the Mahagathbandhan.

Although JD-U National President Lalan Singh clarified during a press conference on August 10, 2022 that there were four leaders including Sanjay Jha, Harivansh, RCP Singh and another leader who gave him the wrong advice, the Alliance break with the JD-U RJD and Congress and join the NDA.

Nitish Kumar joined the NDA in 2017 and formed the government in Bihar with the help of 53 MLAs from the BJP.

In the 2020 general election, Nitish Kumar ran under the umbrella of the NDA and became chief minister of Bihar for the seventh time. After the election results, JD-U leaders accused the BJP of backing their party.

As Nitish Kumar resigned from the post of Prime Minister On August 9 he said:

“I was not interested in holding the post of prime minister after the 2020 general election. They insisted on me. Today’s BJP has a different ideology than the BJP of Atal Ji and Advani Ji.”

“The way the BJP has tried to sabotage our party, we have discussed aspects with our MPs, MLAs and MLCs and all have suggested that I withdraw from the NDA. We listened to their voices and resigned from the post of prime minister,” Kumar said.

“The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) was formed in 1996 and at that time the respected leaders were Atal Bihari Vajpayee, LK Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and George Fernandes. The JD-U was associated with the NDA for the next 17 years This was because Atal Ji, Advani Ji, MM Joshi Ji and George Saheb respected the coalition partners. These leaders had principles to respect coalition partners. And what has happened now, the BJP is lagging behind its coalition partners,” said Lalan Singh.

“During the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP wanted to win the elections. Therefore, their leaders have done no mischief. When it came to the 2020 Bihar general election, what they did, the BJP leaders betrayed us and weakened us,” said Lalan Singh.

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